Long Beach Township is subject to flooding from wind driven waves and tidal flooding that accompany hurricanes, nor’easters, and winter storms. There are methods to protect your property from flooding. Some methods are fairly simple and inexpensive, others require a professional contractor.
The best way to minimize flood damage is to raise your house so the lowest habitable floor is above your base flood elevation. Current cost estimates range from $40,000 to $150,000 for complete job and your flood insurance premiums could be significantly reduced. Installing flood vents in your house can also reduce flood damage and lower your premium. For an on-site consultation about retrofitting your flood prone house, please call the Construction Office for an appointment, (609) 361-6679.
During the December 1992 storm considerable damage was inflicted by floating objects such as landscape timbers, wooden walkways, trash bins, and ornamental piling cut offs. When installing these objects they must be firmly anchored to prevent floatation in accordance with Ordinance #172-18C citing specific anchoring requirements. Wooden curbs are prohibited.
Do you know your flood risk?
LBI is in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) as designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Call the Building Department for information about flooding at 609-361-1000, ext. 6651. Ask to see a flood map of your neighborhood. This information will help you determine how much water is likely to come in during severe flooding conditions. Flood Insurance Rate Maps are also available at the Surf City Branch of the Ocean County Library. Elevation certificates are also kept on file in the Building Department and are available upon request.
Do you have enough flood insurance?
Even if you have taken steps to protect your home from flooding, you still need flood insurance. Homeowner’s policies do not cover flood damage, so you will need to purchase a separate policy under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). It takes thirty days for a flood policy to take effect. This is why you need to purchase flood insurance before flooding occurs. If your insurance agent is unable to write a flood policy, call 1-800-638-6620 for information or go to www.floodsmart.gov
Is the main electrical switch box located above potential flood waters?
The main electric panel board height is regulated by code. All electrical work should be done by a licensed electrician.
Are electric outlets and switches located above potential flood waters?
Consider elevating all electrical outlets, switches, light sockets, electric baseboard heaters, and wiring above the projected flood elevation for your home. You may also want to elevate electric service lines (at the point they enter your home) above the projected flood elevation.
Are your washer and dryer elevated above potential flood waters?
For protection against shallow flood waters, the washer and dryer can be elevated on masonry or pressure treated lumber platforms above the projected flood elevation. Another option is to move the washer and dryer to a higher floor.
Are the furnace and water heater above potential flood waters?
The furnace and hot water heater can be placed on masonry blocks, concrete, or on a pressure treated lumber platform or moved to a higher floor. Furnaces that operate horizontally can be suspended from ceiling joists if the joists are strong enough to hold the weight. Outside air conditioning compressors and heat pumps are required to be placed on a base above the projected flood elevation. All work must conform to state and local building codes.
Does your home have flood vents?
Installation of flood vents within the enclosure space below the first floor allows for flood waters to flow through equalizing hydrostatic pressure and may lower your flood insurance premium. Call the Building department for specifications.
Funding Sources for Repetitive Loss Properties
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is continually faced with the task of paying claims while trying to keep the price of flood insurance at an affordable level. It has a particular problem with repetitive loss properties, which are estimated to cost $200 million per year in flood insurance claim payments. Repetitive loss properties represent only one percent of all flood insurance policies, yet before Hurricane Katrina, they accounted for nearly one-third of the claim payments (over $4.5 billion to date).
Mitigation of the flood risk to these repetitive loss properties will reduce the overall costs to the NFIP as well as to individual homeowners. Accordingly, over the years, Congress has created a variety of funding sources to help repetitive loss property owners reduce their exposure to flood damage. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) now has five grant programs and one insurance benefit. More information on these programs can be found on these websites.
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) – a grant made available after a Presidential disaster declaration(http://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-grant-program)
Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) – a grant that your community can apply for each year(http://www.fema.gov/flood-mitigation-assistance-grant-program)
Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) – a nationally competitive grant that your community can apply for each year (http://www.fema.gov/pre-disaster-mitigation-grant-program)
Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC) – a grant that FEMA administers for certain repetitive loss properties when there is no local government sponsor
Increased Cost of Compliance (ICC) – an extra flood insurance claim payment that can be provided if an insured building was flooded and then declared substantially damaged by the local permit office (http://www.fema.gov/increased-cost-compliance-coverage)
Small Business Administration (SBA) -low interest loans that can fund repairs and mitigation projects after a disaster declaration
Most of the FEMA grants provide 75% often cost of a project. The owner is expected to fund the other 25%, although in some cases the state or local government may contribute to the non-FEMA share. ICC pays 100% (up to $30,000) of the cost of bringing the damaged building up to the local ordinance’s flood protection standards.
Each program has a different Congressional authorization and slightly different rules (summarized inthe table on the next page). States and communities set their own priorities for the use of the grantfunds, but they are strongly encouraged to address their repetitive flood problems. In no case can a FEMA grant be used on a project without the completely voluntary agreement of the owner.
|Types of Projects Funded||HMGP||FMA||PDM||RFC||SRL||ICC||SBA|
|Acquisition of the entire property by a gov’t agency||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Relocation of the building to a flood-free site||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Demolition of the structure||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Elevation of the structure above flood levels||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Replacing the old building with a new elevated one||✓||✓||✓||✓|
|Local drainage and small flood control projects||✓||✓|
|Dry floodproofing (nonresidential buildings only)||✓||✓||✓|
|Percentage paid by federal program||75%||75%||75%||100%||75%||100%||0|
Key to Application notes:
- Requires a grant application from your local government
- Only available after a federal disaster declaration
- Requires the building to have a flood insurance policy and to have been flooded to such an extent that thelocal government declares it to be substantially damaged
- This is a low-interest loan that must be paid back
What yon can do:
- Check the websites and read up on the details of the funding programs that are appropriate for yoursituation. For example, if your state has not been declared a federal disaster area for some time,look at the grants that have annual application procedures, not HMGP
- Talk to your local planning, building, or emergency management official to see if your communityis interested in applying for a grant for properties like yours.
- Talk to your permit office to make sure they are aware of ICC. In some cases a local ordinancemight be worded to trigger ICC for a repetitive loss property that was not substantially damaged.
- Keep your flood insurance policy in force. Several grants and ICC only fund properties thatcurrently have a flood insurance policy.